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Batuk Kering (Batuk non produktif)

Batuk non produktif sifatnya kering dan tidak mengeluarkan dahak makanya sering disebut batuk kering. Batuk kering umumnya muncul menjelang akhir gejala flu atau akibat iritasi debu dan asap rokok. Selain itu ada beberapa kondisi yang menyebabkan terjadinya batuk kering, diantaranya :
  • Infeksi virus. Setelah sembuh dari common cold biasanya diikuti dengan munculnya batuk kering sampai beberapa minggu. Batuk biasanya tambah parah saat malam hari.
  • Bronchospasme. Batuk kering di malam hari secara tiba tiba umumnya disebabkan oleh spasme atau penyempitan saluran bronchus (bronchospasme) yang antara lain dicetuskan oleh iritasi.
  • Alergi. Batuk kering yang diikuti dengan bersin bersin.
  • Obat obatan. Obat darah tinggi seperti ACE inhibitor dapat menyebabkan batuk kering.
  • Asma. Batuk kering khronis bisa jadi merupakan gejala ringan dari asma.
  • Penutupan saluran nafas oleh benda asing seperti makanan atau pil.
    Sebagian besar batuk disebabkan oleh infeksi virus dan antibiotika bukan obat untuk mengobati penyakit virus. Penggunaan antibiotika yang tidak semestinya dapat meningkatkan resiko terjadinya reaksi alergi dan efek samping dari antibiotika seperti mual, muntah, diare, ruam dan infeksi jamur. Antibiotika juga dapat membunuh bakteri ‘baik’ dan meningkatkan resiko resistensi antibiotika.
    Evaluasi yang teliti terhadap kondisi kesehatan secara umum dapat membantu untuk menentukan penyebab batuk. Ingat, batuk hanyalah gejala penyakit.

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